fbpx

How Long Does it Take To Develop an Addiction?

You may have heard that certain drugs are more addictive than others, or someone may have told you that some drugs are not addicting at all. You may have even witnessed someone using drugs recreationally who didn’t seem to be addicted to what they were taking. What is true, what is not, and just how easy is it to get addicted to drugs? The information here will help you navigate what can be a confusing topic.

Drug Addiction Timeline

To be clear, there is no prescribed drug addiction timeline. This is because neither drugs nor people are the same. Thus, the response to drugs and the time it takes to develop an addiction can vary. Here are some factors that play a role in the amount of time it takes to form an addiction:

  • The addictive nature of one drug over another
  • The genetic predisposition and biological make-up of individuals
  • The frequency of use
  • The sense of utility or euphoria experienced with initial use that provides a false sense of control

 

Drugs, Addiction and the Brain

Think of your brain as a computer. Your brain consists of circuits and networks of neurons that send and receive messages to perform every function you do. Neurons send messages by releasing neurotransmitters, which carry the message to other parts of the network. Endorphins and dopamine are two examples of neurotransmitters that cause a euphoric sensation, reinforce behavior that leads to that sensation, and are manipulated through drug use.

If your brain is a computer, then drugs are computer hackers. Some drugs, like heroin and marijuana, are like Trojan horses that masquerade as neurotransmitters. Stimulants, on the other hand, act more like viruses that replicate, causing the release of abnormally large quantities of natural neurotransmitters. Different types of drugs impact the brain in different ways, but every drug impacts brain functioning and some, especially with repeated use, can have long-term effects.

 

The Law of Diminishing Returns

The law of diminishing returns is the point at which the benefit derived from something is less than the amount invested. In the brain, this is demonstrated by the increased amounts of drugs required to produce the same effect. At some point, the brain may produce fewer of its own neurotransmitters, which can result in the inability to experience pleasure in general life experiences as you once did. It can also form strong bonds in the brain that trigger the desire to achieve the high, which decreases in its intensity over time, and prioritize and repeat the drug use over healthier activities.

 

Signs of Addiction

Whatever the timeline may be, there are signs that may indicate drug addiction. Although not all-inclusive, here are some of the signs:

  • Loss of interest in previously valued activities and relationships
  • Increased frequency and/or amount of drug use to achieve the same effect
  • An inability to experience the same high that occurred with initial use
  • The prioritization of drug use over activities and relationship
  • Ongoing use despite negative consequences as a result of use
  • Physical and psychological withdrawal without use

The process of addiction, the time it takes to become addicted, and the impact of drugs on the brain can occur with one use or with repeated use. Some may be able to use certain drugs without developing an addiction. The type of drug used, the frequency of use and the genetic make-up of the individual are some of the factors that play a role in drug addiction.

 

The Good News

Just as drug use can alter your brain, recovery can rewire your brain, too. Healthy lifestyle choices and relationships along with discontinued use of the drug can positively impact brain functioning over time. It is never too late. Contact Clean Recovery to learn about our innovative therapeutic and recovery interventions and how they can help you or your loved one.

Recent Posts

Adult Children of Alcoholics: The Lasting Impact of Their Parents’ Disease

Over 7% of the American population struggles with an alcohol use disorder. Six people die of alcohol poisoning per day. Have you ever wondered how many of these people have children? Or are you one of these former children? If you, like so many others, are the adult...

How Long Do Drugs Stay in Your System?

Although many people might think otherwise, not all drugs, both illicit and prescription, stay in the body for the same length of time. The second we ingest a drug--through smoking, swallowing or snorting--our bodies begin to break down the chemicals in the drug. When...

Uncommon Effects of Illegal Drugs

Many people who partake in illicit drug use for the first time often do so out of curiosity, not believing or considering in that moment that what was supposed to be a one-time activity can become an addiction. However, drug abuse is a serious problem for many people...

Addiction and Pain Management: No Easy Answers

There are many people in addiction that also suffer from chronic pain. Some became addicted to substances like opioids by using them for pain, either chronic or after surgery of some sort. This creates somewhat of a conundrum. What does someone do for chronic pain who...

Addiction and Marijuana Use

There’s a lot of debate across the country regarding the legalization and the use of marijuana. States where marijuana has been legalized for medical use have increased rapidly in recent years. Many believe that if alcohol is legal then marijuana should be as well.Our...